Millenia ago, Saints in ancient Eastern traditions articulated the blueprint for the fulfillment of the objectives of human birth as was revealed to them in the highest states of meditation and consciousness. The Supreme Self pervades and exists in all dimensions in all beings, sentient and insentient. It is that Supreme Self that exists inside every individual self, in each person. And therefore every person is none other than the Supreme Self, for how can the part be different from the whole.
For an individual to realize their supreme Self, they need to identify the reasons and objectives why they came into being on this earth plane, and fulfill them. The ancient seers clearly articulated the goals of humankind as Purusharthas. Purusha means an individual or person, and Artha means meaning or objective or pursuit. They articulated four Purusharthas as:
- Dharma: Righteousness, Duty
- Artha: Wealth
- Kama: Desire
- Moksha: Liberation
The four Purusharthas are indeed the objectives and qualities of God, of the Supreme Self. And since an individual is a reflection of God, and a part of God, it is the rightful pursuit of a person to fulfill these four Purusharthas. In fact, it is both your individual and soul purpose.
An individual can realize himself or herself by balancing and fulfilling these four objectives. These four objectives are not independent of each other and should not be viewed in a stand-alone manner. They define and refine the other objectives and allow the other objectives to define and refine itself. The activity of fulfilling one objective should also support the fulfillment of the others. By maintaining a balance between the definition and realization of the four Purusharthas, a symbiotic evolution of the individual self takes place. Exclusive pursuit of one Purushartha creates an imbalance in a person’s life and prevents the person from reaching the ultimate destination of their life. As a person progresses through the evolution of their soul, they find that some of the objectives eventually lose their place and importance to more predominant objectives. For example, the desire to earn wealth may diminish and disappear, or a person may come to the realization that there are no more material desires that they need to pursue, and hence more room is created for the pursuit of the ultimate objective, Moksha.
The mission of Ekatvam is to help people realize their True Selves, for each individual to become one with their Supreme Self in this lifetime, to achieve Moksha. Often, people make the mistake of renouncing everything in the pursuit of Moksha. This can frequently turn out to be the wrong path and is not suited for everyone. The path for each person to reach the ultimate destination is different, and it is only the individual self that can identify and see the path with the help of the Divine guidance.
A person is born on this earth to fulfill certain duties. The soul houses itself into the physical vehicle that is the body which is most suited for performing these duties. The physical work that a person needs to do, the duties of the person on this earth plane are termed as the Dharma of the person. Dharma is a difficult word to translate into English, but can roughly be translated as the rightful duty of a person. This is the true calling of a person, what they are born to do. Examples of a person’s dharma are to be a doctor, teacher, writer, warrior, priest, parent, etc. Sometimes a person’s dharma is decided by their birth, but not necessarily so. A person’s dharma can be a combination of things, and as a person progresses through life, different stages of life may call for different dharmas and purposes. Tuning into the inner guide of the heart allows a person to identify their dharma, their true calling. You can do this by finding and aligning your life purpose and soul purpose.
Artha is the pursuit of material wealth, which brings material comforts to a person. People sometimes believe that the path of spiritual growth and pursuit of material wealth are mutually exclusive, or even that a spiritual seeker needs to be in poverty. But that is not true. If we look at the Universe, it is a reflection of abundance. Nature is abundant in everything. Poverty is nothing but a state of consciousness. If abundance is the quality of the Divine, how is the pursuit of abundance in contrast with the pursuit of the Divine? If one is in poverty, in a state of constantly worrying about how to support and feed, how can one pursue spirituality? When one is able to move beyond daily worries, they can focus their attention on the goal of union with the Divine. The most important thing to remember is not to be attached to the possession or attainment of wealth. It can be either transcended or sought with detachment, and with awareness. When done in this state of mind, the pursuit of wealth is not different from the pursuit of the Divine, because one sees abundance, or wealth as a form of the Divine. And in this state of detachment, one recognizes when one has attained their financial objectives. When that happens, the desire to pursue wealth automatically dies away, paving the way for Moksha.
Kama is fulfilling one’s desires. Desires are in various forms — to be wealthy, powerful, sexual needs, recognition, service, etc. The Kama Purushartha advocates that one’s desires in this lifetime need to be fulfilled, albeit in a state of awareness and without harming anyone in the process. For a person to evolve spiritually and to reach the ultimate destination, the barrier of desires needs to be crossed. This can be done either by fulfilling the desires or by sublimating or transcending them. Suppressing of desires is certainly not recommended because it is like a fully coiled spring that is held down by force. These suppressed desires can erupt, sometimes unpredictably, causing undesirable or detrimental consequences. As one becomes aware of their desires and one goes about fulfilling them in awareness and without judgment, one soon reaches the stage of being able to sublimate them. The Divine, the Universe, lends a big hand in the process.
Moksha means liberation, the realization of the Self, and is the ultimate destination of this human birth. It is the stage of inner realization that the individual self is the same as the Supreme Self. Moksha is the experience of the cosmos within one’s self. It is the experience of the flow and fusion of the Shiva and Shakti energies in one’s self. The experience of union, Oneness, Ekatvam with one’s Higher Self is Moksha.
As all the rivers must eventually lead to the sea, there are many spiritual paths leading to the same destination. Some paths are shorter than others, and some are more arduous than others. The path can be difficult to navigate, and the path may not always be visible. Pratyangira Sadhana is a path to Moksha, guided by the Divine Mother Herself.